In a familiar sight in the small countries in Africa, namely Eritrea, Kessanet who was four years old playing on the floor when his grandmother cooking pancake on wood-burning stoves.
But the house was different. The eyes of the child had not tears because of the smoke from the fire, and the furnace to burn less wood than traditional stoves. Fireplace mantel ideas
The air in the house was also so clear, so the walls are still white house and guests can watch video footage kungfu Chuck Norris, while talking to his grandmother, without being distracted clouds of choking smoke.
Eritrea hopes, new furnace design that contributes to the fight against the destruction of forests and lung disorders caused ordinary furnace, which is used by an estimated 2.5 billion people in developing countries (according to UN estimates).
” I was free of smoke, ” said Kebedsh at his home in the village of Adi Kushet, outskirts of Asmara, capital of Eritrea. ” I am free from lung disorders. I am also free from impaired vision. ”
According to UN data, wood-burning stove in the room kills about 2.5 million women and children a year, because their respiratory tract infections because of smoke inhalation.
Eritrea Government officials said the new furnace design, Kebedsh and the other women in the same boat, can reduce the amount of fuel wood consumption by half. Stove made of clay was used to conserve heat insulation, and chimneys of metal for sucking-in of air and the smoke out.
Reduce CO2 Emissions
Furnace design is aimed at reducing thousands of tons of carbon dioxide (CO2), by burning wood supply that sometimes it is rare in a more efficient and saves 366 kilograms of firewood per household every year.
Paul Mushamba, energy adviser for Biomass Energy Conservation Program in South Africa, has been working on a project that is partially funded by Germany to introduce the metal and pottery furnace energy saving, which can reduce the smoke.
” Some of the designs are really cheap, so it can reach the very poor, ” he said.
Mushamba had spent three years visiting communities in South Africa, and said that the best choice is very dependent on the material and charge available in the local community.
Often he is a simple way to show how it makes a small pottery furnace wall. By replacing the usual three large rocks placed around the fire, can greatly save firewood at a price less than a dollar (about USD 9,000).
Nevertheless, the challenge in Eritrea, like many other environmental projects conducted with families in Africa, is how to spread the impact positipnya of several villages around the country has a population of 3.7 million people.
The goal is to change all the hearths in rural areas with a new furnace design fuel efficient, reaching 500,000 families are mostly located in remote areas in the state on the shores of the Red Sea is a barren and arid mountain ranges.
Spreading Not Easy
However Eritra still struggling to correct the legacy of the liberation struggle that has lasted 30 years, and the war for the border in 1998-2000 with its neighbors is much larger, Ethiopia.
” We are in the early stages, ” said Afeworki Tesfazion, director of energy research at the Center for Research and Training Eritrea. ” We have not achieved many results, do not reach many people. ”
Eritrea’s government said the nature of the project cost, simple, and can be developed in-house, is a way to encourage its use in countries that are very proud of the tradition of self-reliance, even if the plan receives funding from the UK.
But in a country with a large population can not read it, the dissemination of ideas becomes easier. The government has so far trained 223 women to convey information about the stove, by verbally to people living in the outposts, said Afeworki.
The furnace is designed to be made at a cost of about 180 Nakfa (US $ 126,000) to purchase the chimney pipe and various metal components, such as the furnace door.
Villagers can buy each furnace for a year installments. ” The process was slow at first, ” said Afeworki. ” But now is the best time for the project. ”
Project organizers say women Eritrea, who grew up learning to use pottery, will have little trouble making furnaces mogogo traditional friendly version of this environment.
Women have long been taught by their mothers to make everything, ranging from flower pots to sofa, from a clay before leaving their parents’ home and set up house with her husband.